A long time ago, people in Vietnam often used the lunar calendar, instead of the solar calendar. Nowadays, besides using the solar calendar as most countries in the world, Vietnamese still apply the lunar calendar to follow traditional occasions such as the Tet holiday, Mid-autumn festival.
Chinese New Year and the Vietnamese New Year (called Tết in Vietnam) actually have a lot in common. Both China and Vietnam follow the same calendar (5th of February in 2019, January the 25th in 2020 and February the 12th in 2021). For both of them, it's all about coming back home and spending time with the family.
Learn more about Chinese New Year celebrations. In Vietnam, Lunar New Year is known as "Tết" or "Vietnamese New Year". Vietnamese zodiac signs include the Cat instead of the Rabbit and the Buffalo instead of the Ox.
Differences from the Chinese calendar
North Vietnam switched from UTC+8 to UTC+7 on 8 August 1967, with South Vietnam doing likewise in 1975 at the end of the Vietnam War. As a result of the shift, North and South Vietnam celebrated Tết 1968 on different days.
Here's the Story. In Vietnam, 2023 is the year of the Water Cat. In the Chinese Zodiac story, the cat is betrayed by its friend – the rat – when it fails to live up to its promise to wake the cat up for the Zodiac race as agreed.
Although the People's Republic of China uses the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes, a special Chinese calendar is used for determining festivals. Various Chinese communities around the world also use this calendar.
Vietnamese people use both the solar calendar and the lunar calendar in their daily life. Therefore, some national holidays fall on specific days in the solar year, while others fall on specific days in the lunar calendar. People usually don't have to go to work or school during the national holidays.
In October 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) was established in mainland China and in January 1950, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) was officially recognized by the PRC.
Vietnamese New Year, also known as 'tết nguyên đán' or 'Tet' is a celebration of the Lunar New Year in Vietnamese culture.
They see the mouse and the rabbit as being closely linked," Tin said. There is also a theory the Vietnamese made their own interpretation of the Chinese word for rabbit, "mao." In Vietnamese, this sounds like "meo," which means cat. The Year of the Cat is believed to bring good luck and smooth sailing in Vietnam.
Year of the Cat
While almost everyone will ring in the Year of the Rabbit in 2023, Vietnam is welcoming the Year of the Cat. Why does Vietnam differ from the rest of the world this year The origins of the Year of the Cat are murky. People eat ice cream next to a large cat statue at a shop in Hanoi this week.
Hanoi (VNA) – The Cat is the fourth out of the. According to the lunar calendar, this Year of the Cat begins on January 22, 2023 and will conclude on February 9, 2024. People born in the Year of the Cat are assessed as intelligent, clever, agile and subtle, with a far-sighted vision.
the People’s Republic of China
Although the People's Republic of China uses the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes, a special Chinese calendar is used for determining festivals. Various Chinese communities around the world also use this calendar. The beginnings of the Chinese calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C.E.
The solar "civic calendar" that was used in ancient Egypt showed traces of its origin in the earlier lunar calendar, which continued to be used alongside it for religious and agricultural purposes. Present-day lunisolar calendars include the Chinese, Vietnamese, Hindu, Hebrew and Thai calendars.
But the two cultures have developed slightly different lineups of astrological signs. While the Chinese have the ox as the second sign and the rabbit as the fourth, the Vietnamese have the water buffalo and the cat instead.
In early March 1979, China suddenly declared its “lesson” to Vietnam was finished and began to withdraw completely on March 16. But, in fact, its campaign was not over.
Vietnam has forged comprehensive strategic partnerships — the highest diplomatic designation — with China, India, Russia, and, most recently, South Korea. Many of Vietnam's strategic partners are U.S. allies, such as Japan, Australia, and the United Kingdom.
The Full Moon Festival, or Mid-Autumn Festival, is a harvest festival celebrated by ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese people on the 15th day of the eighth month of the Chinese Han and Vietnamese calendars.
To most Vietnamese, the cat is a firm family friend that helps protect crops and food from rodents, while also chasing away bad spirits and bringing good luck, researcher Giang said.
Rat – the smart one (1948; 1960; 1972; 1984; 1996; 2008; 2020) Throughout the world Rats are considered pests, especially around granaries. But in Vietnam, Rats are also respected for being intelligent, quick-witted and imaginative. Rats are also generous, especially to those near and dear.
The Vietnamese zodiac is originated from the Chinese zodiac in its usage and arrangement of animals, but replaces the ox with the water buffalo and the rabbit with the cat.
The Vietnamese zodiac is used to calculate the lunar year. It comprises 12 zodiac animals arranged in a fixed order: Rat, Buffalo, Tiger, Cat, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. Each Vietnamese zodiac animal corresponds to 12 hours in one day and 12 months in another year.
The Chinese zodiac remains popular in some East Asian countries such as China, Vietnam, Japan, the Philippines, Thailand and Mongolia. Here comes the most interesting part. Different people born under each zodiac sign are believed to have different personalities that represent animals of the year.
The Chinese calendar features 12 months. However, an extra month is inserted in the calendar when a leap year occurs. Therefore, leap years in the Chinese calendar have 13 months, unlike leap years in the Gregorian calendar in which an extra day is included.
But during the Meiji Restoration (1868-1889), Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar to be more in line with the rest of the world! Because of this, Japan's Lunar New Year customs mainly died out with most people! Despite this, remnants of Japan's older lunar history remain!