In 1911, a Norwegian team led by explorer Roald Amundsen first reached the South Pole. Since then, there have been thousands of expeditions across the continent, for adventure as well as science. However, due to the challenging terrain and extreme temperatures, many areas of Antarctica have not yet been fully explored.
13.66 million km²Antarctica / Area
Antarctica's area of 5.4 million square miles makes it 1.5 times the size of the conterminous U. S. The continent itself is depressed more than half-a-mile to near sea level under the tremendous load of the ice sheet, with some regions well below sea level. The highest mountains rise to elevations of over 14,000 ft.
If you mean via land or ocean travel, only a small fraction. Most of the continent is featureless ice sheet that hasn't been manually traversed. If exploration by aircraft counts, where you can look out the window and see the surface, pretty much all of Antarctica has been explored.
The Antarctic is a cold, remote area in the Southern Hemisphere encompassed by the Antarctic Convergence. The Antarctic Convergence is an uneven line of latitude where cold, northward-flowing Antarctic waters meet the warmer waters of the world's oceans.
Antarctica is the only place on the planet where the land isn't officially owned by anyone. A few countries have made land claims (for more about this, see the information box on the next page), but those claims aren't officially recognized and don't cover the entire continent.
Captain John Davis
The first landing on the Antarctic mainland is thought to have been made by the American Captain John Davis, a sealer, who claimed to have set foot there on 7 February 1821, though this is not accepted by all historians.
The ice-covered continent of Antarctica, surrounded by the Southern Ocean, holds 90 per cent of the world's ice. This mass of ice that forms the ice cover, or ice sheet, over land has resulted from the accumulation and compaction of the snow over thousands of years.
The continents are, from largest to smallest: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
the Antarctic ice sheet
About 98% of Antarctica is covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, a sheet of ice averaging at least 1.6 km thick. The continent has about 90% of the world's ice (and therefore about 70% of the world's fresh water).
As a condominium with no single governing body, it does not have an official flag of its own. However, several designs have been created for the purpose of representing the continent.
Antarctica is huge. The Earth's southernmost continent is twice the size of Australia, and 98% of it is covered by ice. Antarctica is cold (the coldest recorded temperature is -89°C, from Vostok), but the peripheral islands and Antarctic Peninsula may have positive air temperatures in summer.
There is no single country that owns Antarctica. Instead, Antarctica is governed by a group of nations in a unique international partnership. The Antarctic Treaty, first signed on December 1, 1959, designates Antarctica as a continent devoted to peace and science.
Antarctica is the only continent on earth still largely untouched by man. The Antarctic Treaty of 1959 and the more recent Madrid Protocol of 1991 have helped preserve the South Pole as a place of peace, science, and environmental preservation and conservation.
Antarctica had been a part of "Gondwanaland" (an ancient super continent that was breaking up and doesn't exist any more) for about 200 million years.
The coldest temperature recorded in Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983. The average winter temperature at the South Pole is about -49°C. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. The wind chill factor means that it can feel much colder.
91% Antarctica is home to most of the glacial ice on Earth – a whopping 91%. 3/4 About 75% (3/4) of the Earth's fresh water is stored in glacial ice.
The whole world will never be underwater. But our coastlines would be very different. If all the ice covering Antarctica , Greenland, and in mountain glaciers around the world were to melt, sea level would rise about 70 meters (230 feet). The ocean would cover all the coastal cities.
44.58 million km²Asia / Area
Asia/Countries and regions
The last glacial period began about 100,000 years ago and lasted until 25,000 years ago. Today we are in a warm interglacial period. How do we know When a glacier (or ice sheet) grows and moves across the landscape, it pushes rocks and sediments.
Seven countries (Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom) maintain territorial claims in Antarctica, but the United States and most other countries do not recognize those claims. While the United States maintains a basis to claim territory in Antarctica, it has not made a claim.
And when they just start developing. They are green but then they get this red color this is actually the response to the extreme antarctic environment that we see this like the bloody.
Can planes fly to Antarctica Yes, you can fly across the Drake Passage to King George Island, and then continue on by ship. The Antarctic Express: Fly The Drake itinerary takes you over the southern continent via the Drake Passage by way of a chartered plane that takes you to your vessel.
Before penguins ruled Antarctica, dinosaurs roamed across what was then a forested continent, migrating over from Australia and other land masses that were connected to it at the time. Several Antarctic dinosaurs have already been found, including an armored ankylosaur and a handful of birdlike dinosaurs.
Antarctica hasn't always been covered with ice – the continent lay over the south pole without freezing over for almost 100 million years. Then, about 34 million years ago, a dramatic shift in climate happened at the boundary between the Eocene and Oligocene epochs.