Design Facts about the Wall. The key element of architect Maya Lin's design is the shiny black granite wall in a wide "V" shape that continues to be a symbol of enduring legacy, healing and education. The two 200-foot-long sections that make up the wall contain more than 58,000 names.
“In order to have your name on the Wall, you had to have died within the 'war zone,'” explained Doubek. “But you had stories of guys in the Air Force who would die in their aircraft over Thailand after having been shot over Vietnam.” Technically, they were ineligible for inclusion on the Wall.
The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War.
Locating a Name
These directories are located at both ends of the Wall and contain an alphabetical listing of all the names on the Memorial. Note the panel and line number for the name listed. The panel number is a number/letter combination, such as 10W or 35E. “W” denotes the west wall, and “E” denotes the east wall.
Though the memorial continues to grow and evolve, the last name on the wall still belongs to Air Force Second Lieutenant Richard Vandegeer, a pilot who died after his helicopter crashed on May 15, 1975, during the war's final combat action.
Not until 1995 did Vietnam release its official estimate of war dead: as many as 2 million civilians on both sides and some 1.1 million North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died in the war.
6.3 million veterans
As of 2020, there were approximately 6.3 million veterans of the United States military still alive who served during the period of the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1975. Around 8.75 million service personnel served during the war, with 40% of those stationed in Vietnam and the surrounding Southeast Asian countries.
Locating a Name
Look up the name in the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Directory of Names. These directories are located at both ends of the Wall and contain an alphabetical listing of all the names on the Memorial. Note the panel and line number for the name listed.
Order so it's easier to find. If it is a common name it is helpful to know a middle initial hometown or rank.
Annam, which originated as a Chinese name in the seventh century, was the common name of the country during the colonial period. Nationalist writer Phan Bội Châu revived the name "Vietnam" in the early 20th century.
The most common family name is NGUYEN (阮), with approximately 40% of the Vietnamese population sharing this name. Other common family names include LE (黎), TRAN (陳), PHAM (范), PHAN (潘), HOANG (黃).
An individual in Vietnam now needs a net wealth of $160,000 to join the so-called '1 percent club' of the richest people in the country of 98 million. There were 19,491 people with a net worth of $1-30 million last year, down 6 percent from 2019. This number is projected to reach 25,812 in 2025.
These are the most accurate estimates of the death tolls for each group of fighters:The United States lost 58,220 known military personnel.It is estimated that South Vietnam lost between 200,000 and 250,000 fighters.The Viet Cong lost around 1.1 million combatants.
Considering the kind of information available about the death rate of WWII and Korean War Veterans, publicized information indicates that in the last 14 years Vietnam veterans are dying at the rate of 390 deaths each day.
Though other soldiers died after the cease-fire prior to the American withdrawal in 1975, Bill Nolde is considered to be the last American combat casualty of the war in Vietnam.
The names of over 58,000 servicemembers who gave their lives between 1957 and 1975 are listed on the wall in chronological order starting and ending at the center of the wall.
Also known simply as "The Wall," the monument is etched with the names of 58,279 service members whose deaths were a result of the war. Visitors can find the name of a loved one and often use paper and charcoal to make a rubbing of the etching in The Wall's surface.
The diamond symbol denotes that the service member is known dead or presumed dead; the cross symbol or plus symbol denotes that the service member was missing or prisoner status when The Wall was built in 1982 and remains unaccounted for today.
Emperor Gia Long
Between 1804 and 1813, the name Vietnam was used officially by Emperor Gia Long. It was revived in the early 20th century in Phan Bội Châu's History of the Loss of Vietnam, and later by the Vietnamese Nationalist Party (VNQDĐ).
Vietnam has one of the oldest and most continuous histories of any nation. The area has been inhabited by some of the world's earliest societies. The needs to control flooding along the Red River and fight off invaders caused the inhabitants to form one cohesive government early on in 2879 BC.
Trần (陳) or Tran is a common Vietnamese surname (second most common). More than 10% of all Vietnamese people share this surname.
Việt is a last name commonly found in Vietnam among its Chinese community. It is the transliteration of a Chinese surname meaning: generic word for peoples or states of south China or south Asia at different historical periods, abbr.
Economy. Vietnam has a GDP per capita of $8,200 as of 2020, while in Indonesia, the GDP per capita is $11,400 as of 2020.
The economy of Vietnam is a developing mixed socialist-oriented market economy, which is the 36th-largest in the world as measured by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and 26th-largest in the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2022.
Though other soldiers died after the cease-fire prior to the American withdrawal in 1975, Bill Nolde is considered to be the last American combat casualty of the war in Vietnam. On Feb. 3, 1973, a funeral was held at Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Mount Pleasant with 600 fellow townspeople in attendance.