Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus
Answer and Explanation: The emperor of Rome when Jesus was crucified was Tiberius, whose full name was Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus, although his original name was Tiberius Claudius Nero. Marcus Pontius Pilatus was the governor, or prefect, of Judaea, who gave the order for the crucifixion.
According to the Gospels, Jesus of Nazareth preached and was executed during the reign of Tiberius, by the authority of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judaea province. Luke 3:1, states that John the Baptist entered on his public ministry in the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign.
When Jesus was born, Caesar Augustus was the emperor of Rome. He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar, and he ruled as the emperor of Rome for 45 years. The word "Augustus" means "the exalted". Caesar was not a follower of Christianity, and believed himself to be a god.
At the time of Jesus, Palestine (the Holy Land) was still part of the Roman Empire, and Roman law and customs were being imposed on the Jewish people. The Jews didn't like the Romans and there was always a great deal of tension between them. The Roman Emperor was called Caesar.
Roman Emperor Nero
His execution was ordered by the Roman Emperor Nero, who blamed the city's Christians for a terrible fire that had ravaged Rome. Peter requested to be crucified upside down, as he felt unworthy to die in the same manner as Christ.
Caesar Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. Augustus was born on September 23rd in 63 BC. He ruled as the Emperor of Rome for the first 14 years of Christ's life.
Aramaic is best known as the language Jesus spoke. It is a Semitic language originating in the middle Euphrates. In 800-600 BC it spread from there to Syria and Mesopotamia. The oldest preserved inscriptions are from this period and written in Old Aramaic.
Caesar Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. Augustus was born on September 23rd in 63 BC. He ruled as the Emperor of Rome for the first 14 years of Christ's life. He rose to power in time of great peace for this massive empire.
Jesus Christ of Nazareth was born during the reign of the first official Roman emperor, Augustus, and was crucified under the reign of the second emperor, Tiberius.
Earlier Jesus told his listeners, “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and to God the things that are God's.” —Matthew 22:21 (NASB). Jesus was clearly teaching obedience to the Roman laws and also to obey God's laws.
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (/ˈnɪəroʊ/ NEER-oh; born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus; 15 December AD 37 – 9 June AD 68), was the fifth Roman emperor and final emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, reigning from AD 54 until his death in AD 68.
"Paul & Nero" uses the facts that we know from Biblical sources and historical information we have about Nero himself to piece together one of the most extraordinary confrontations of the Ancient World – the moment when Paul the Apostle came face to face with Nero.
Julius Caesar was Augustus's great-uncle—that is, Augustus's mother's mother's brother. Caesar played a big role in Augustus's early life. He introduced Augustus to Roman political life and took him on military campaigns and victory tours too.
In the context of the time Jesus lived in, Caesar represented the Roman government that harshly ruled Israel. The phrase applies to us in this way: every person on earth lives under the authority of a government, and Jesus instructs us to honor that government to the extent that we can.
Traditional Jewish exegesis such as Midrash says that Adam spoke the Hebrew language because the names he gives Eve – Isha and Chava – only make sense in Hebrew. By contrast, Kabbalism assumed an "eternal Torah" which was not identical to the Torah written in Hebrew.
Jesus' name in Hebrew was “Yeshua” which translates to English as Joshua. So how did we get the name “Jesus”
It was believed by the Romans that Augustus was the son of Apollo himself. Therefore Augustus was a son of god by Caesar's adoption of him and divine begetting through being the son of Apollo. Augustus only received the title of god ship through his adoption by Caesar.
Unsurprisingly, the title of the “first greatest Roman emperor” goes to Caesar Augustus. While in his youth, Octavian plunged Rome into one of the bloodiest civil wars and toppled the Roman Republic; as emperor Augustus, he created the strong foundation for one of the truly greatest of all empires in human history.
The whole assembly rose and took Jesus to Pilate. They accused Jesus of subverting the nation, opposing Roman taxes, and claiming to be Messiah, a king.
Rome was the dominant power in the entire Mediterranean basin starting from the later decades of the republic through most of the empire, and controlled over two million square miles, stretching from the Rhine River to Egypt, and from Britain to Asia Minor.
Sporusm. 67 AD–68 ADStatilia Messalinam. 66 AD–68 ADPoppaea Sabinam. 62 AD–65 ADClaudia Octaviam. 53 AD–62 AD
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus/Spouse
The first persecution of Christians organized by the Roman government was under the emperor Nero in 64 CE after the Great Fire of Rome and took place entirely within the city of Rome.
Nero was also loved by the people of Rome, specifically the lower classes, because they viewed him as a generous ruler. Early in his reign, he promised to model his rule on that of Augustus. He lowered heavy rates of taxation and also increased the amount of free grain issued to the poor.
Augustus (63 BCE–14 CE), a fascinating and controversial man, may have been the most important figure in Roman history, surpassing his great-uncle Julius in longevity and power. It was during Augustus' long life that the failing Republic was converted to a Principate that would endure for centuries.
|Julius Caesar deified by the Roman Senate
|Jesus of Nazareth is born.
|Territories of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea come under direct imperial control as the Roman province of Judea.
|Augustus deified by the Roman Senate.
|Ministry of John the Baptist