Emperor: AD 138-161. Antoninus Pius is famous for the kindness and wisdom that characterized his not-so-brief reign.
1. Invasions by Barbarian tribes. The most straightforward theory for Western Rome's collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire's borders.
The fall of Rome was completed in 476, when the German chieftain Odoacer deposed the last Roman emperor of the West, Romulus Augustulus. The East, always richer and stronger, continued as the Byzantine Empire through the European Middle Ages.
33 emperors were murdered or executed. 30 were despatched by sword or dagger, as listed in Table III. Of these, 26 were killed by Roman soldiers (five of them decapitated) and one (Valentinian III) by German mercenaries.
Roman Emperor Caligula
Q: Why is Roman Emperor Caligula remembered as the cruelest Emperor Shortly into Emperor Caligula's rule, he fell ill from what many suggest was syphilis. He never recovered mentally and became a ruthless, wanton killer of Roman citizens, including even his family. No one was safe.
Trajan is famous for the popularity he gained among the Romans, and during the Middle Age. He became emperor in AD 98, after Nerva's death. During his reign, he carried out military conquest to the east of the Empire, annexing territories in Dacia (Romania), Arabia, and Armenia, among others.
Hannibal is one of the greatest military generals in history, whose tactics are still studied to this day. He famously led a Carthaginian army, including 38 elephants, over the Alps and came within sniffing distance of Rome.
In September AD 9 half of Rome's Western army was ambushed in a German forest. Three legions, comprising some 25,000 men under the Roman General Varus, were wiped out by an army of Germanic tribes under the leadership of Arminius.
Perhaps the greatest defeat in Roman history came in 216 BCE, as Rome was struggling against Carthage to become a Mediterranean superpower. The Carthaginian general Hannibal delivered a masterclass of strategy and tactics, proving himself one of the ancient world's most gifted commanders.
In 476, the barbarian foederati (ally troops) in Italy demanded Italian lands to settle on, which was refused by Orestes. Under their leader Odoacer, the foederati defeated and killed Orestes and deposed Romulus, whereafter Odoacer became the first King of Italy and accepted Emperor Zeno as his nominal superior.
Caligula (37 – 41 CE) has entered the annals of history as one of the worst emperors of the Roman Empire.
Caligula's assassination: the most brutal of Roman emperor deaths. Suetonius reports two versions of Caligula's death. In the first, the Praetorian Prefect Cassius Chaerea snuck up behind him while he was talking to a band of Asian boys about to perform onstage.
Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (31 August 12 – 24 January 41), better known by his nickname Caligula (/kəˈlɪɡjʊlə/), was the third Roman emperor, ruling from AD 37 until his assassination in AD 41.
The “five good emperors,” as they are commonly referred to, were Nerva, Trajan, and Hadrian (who were related to one another only by adoption), and the two Antonines, Antoninus Pius and ever beloved, Marcus Aurelius.
Therefore, this speech by Brutus is essential to the future of the conspirators in Rome. As Brutus speaks, he swears his loyalty to Rome and explains his honorable reasons for killing Caesar as he declares he “loved Caesar, but. . . loved Rome more.”
A great general and a masterful tactician, Hannibal Barca is widely considered one of finest military leaders in history. He was the only man that Rome feared.
Go see its side of the story. Roman conquerors tried to erase the past of this ancient Tunisian port city—but these historic sites shed light on the true glories of Carthage. From 650 B.C. to 146 B.C., Carthage was the most powerful trading and commercial city in the Mediterranean.
The Carthaginians and their allies, led by Hannibal, surrounded and practically annihilated a larger Roman and Italian army under the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro. It is regarded as one of the greatest tactical feats in military history and one of the worst defeats in Roman history.
In 476 C.E. Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome.
Ancient Greece was one of the dominant civilizations in the Mediterranean and the world for hundreds of years. Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power.
Augustus Caesar Augustus Caesar
1. Augustus Caesar. Augustus Caesar, born Gaius Octavius, was the first Roman emperor who ruled from 27 BCE to 14 CE. He is often regarded as one of the greatest Roman emperors due to his significant contributions to the empire's stability, expansion, and cultural development.
Over time, the east thrived, while the west declined. In fact, after the western part of the Roman Empire fell, the eastern half continued to exist as the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years. Therefore, the "fall of Rome" really refers only to the fall of the western half of the Empire.
Caligula, Nero, Domitian, Commodus, Geta, and Caracalla — these names evoke immense power and great fear. They are the most terrible of the Roman emperors, known as tyrants, madmen, killers, blasphemers, and perverts.
In his 2021 book, Evil Roman Emperors: The Shocking History of Ancient Rome's Most Wicked Rulers from Caligula to Nero and More, author Phillip Barlag awards Commodus the No. 1 spot, calling him a “self-indulgent, dim-witted oaf,” not to mention “sick, cruel, sadistic, deluded.”
Cassius hates Caesar because he is jealous of Caesar's power and he believes that Caesar is a weak man and, therefore, undeserving of the power and admiration he has been given by the Roman citizens.