However, according to the World Bank, Russia is home to about 83% of the world's population, so it is likely that a majority of the country is habitable. However, a rough estimate would say that around 60% of Russia is currently uninhabited, making it an extremely sparsely populated country.
The vast majority of Russia's population live in the western core area of the country, the region around the capital city of Moscow.
An estimated 9 million Central Asians reside and work in Russia, and almost every major city in the country is dependent on their labour. It's a marriage of convenience but beneficial all around. Russia gets modernised infrastructure, while remittances bring in much-needed capital to Central Asia.
Tsardom of Russia
During his long reign, Ivan nearly doubled the already large Russian territory by annexing the three Tatar khanates: Kazan and Astrakhan along the Volga, and the Khanate of Sibir in southwestern Siberia. Ultimately, by the end of the 16th century, Russia expanded east of the Ural Mountains.
Interestingly, Russia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, in part due to its harsh climate.
In the fourth quarter of 2022, almost eight percent of the resident population of Russia lived under the poverty line. The share of Russians earning less than the subsistence minimum was lower than in the corresponding quarter of 2021, when it reached 8.5 percent.
Northern European Plain
About 75 percent of the Russian population lives on the Northern European Plain. This region holds Russia's most populous cities, including Moscow and St.
For all its vast territory Siberia remains sparsely populated. A major cause of this low population density is the challenging climate, that of northern cold. Overall, Siberia holds about eight people per square mile, though many of the farther northern lands average only one or two people per square mile.
Most Russian's live in Europe
Although a little more than one-fifth of Russia's landmass is in Europe, 77% of Russia's 146 million citizens live in the territory that is considered to be Europe. Moscow is considered to be part of the European continent.
Many of them are descendants of Cossacks. There are currently over 16,000 ethnic Russians in China who have lived their entire life as Chinese citizens.
Defeat in the Crimean War further reduced Russian interest in this region. Russia offered to sell Alaska to the United States in 1859, believing the United States would off-set the designs of Russia's greatest rival in the Pacific, Great Britain.
As Russian tribes migrated eastward, they encountered little resistance, allowing for the gradual incorporation of vast regions into the Russian realm. Also, it is true that a significant portion of Russian territory consists of remote and inhospitable landscapes, such as Siberia and the Arctic.
A DEMOGRAPHIC TRAGEDY is unfolding in Russia. Over the past three years the country has lost around 2m more people than it would ordinarily have done, as a result of war, disease and exodus. The life expectancy of Russian males aged 15 fell by almost five years, to the same level as in Haiti.
Generally, Russia is a safe country for expats. However, both the US Department of State and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office advise against travel to the North Caucasus region or to the Crimea, due to ongoing political unrest in these areas.
In 2021, the poverty threshold in Russia is 12,702 Russian rubles for the working-age population, 11,303 Russian rubles for children, and 10,022 rubles for pensioners. Russians whose income is below these figures are officially considered to be poor.
Indigenous Peoples in Russia
The latter together number around 260,000, less than 0.2% of the total Russian population, of which ethnic Russians account for roughly 80%.
Siberia makes up 75% of the Russian Federations territory, approximately 9,653 square kilometers or 3,727 square miles. That's almost the same size as Canada and 1.5 times bigger than Europe! There are three distinct regions in Siberia: Western Siberia, Eastern Siberia and the Far East.
Some of the objective reasons for Russia's demographic problems reflect historical dynamics: the number of women of childbearing age is falling, and the average age at which women are having children is rising steadily in modernized, urban, well-educated populations.
Temporary migration and shuttle trade conducted by Chinese merchants are most prevalent in Russia's Far Eastern Federal District, but most go back and forth across the border without settling down in Russia; the Chinese community in Moscow has a higher proportion of long-term residents.
Turkey and Russia straddle both Europe and Asia (sometimes referred to as Eurasia); 80% of the latter is in Asia, but Russians are generally considered Europeans; in the former, east of Istanbul is customarily considered in Asia.
Almost 80% of Russia's population lives in the European half of the country, while around 30% live in the Asian half.
Without the U.S. purchase there was general agreement Alaska could have been contested between the Russian and British empires. Had the Russians maintained control, during the Cold War Alaska might have functioned as a Soviet nuclear base, further raising tensions with the U.S.
For starters, the colony was no longer profitable after the sea otter population was decimated. Then there was the fact that Alaska was difficult to defend and Russia was short on cash due to the costs of the war in Crimea.
Russia spans the northern part of the Eurasian continent; 77% of Russia's area is in Asia, the western 23% of the country is located in Europe.
The biggest factor contributing to this relatively low life expectancy for males is a high mortality rate among working-age males from preventable causes (e.g., alcohol poisoning, stress, smoking, traffic accidents, violent crimes).